Hand dryers are ubiquitous in public restrooms, but according to research recently published in the Canadian journal Paediatrics & Child Health, the noise they make may be harmful to children’s ears.
And the study’s author can speak from personal experience.
“Sometimes after using hand dryers my ears would start ringing,” 13-year-old Nora Keegan from Calgary, Canada, tells NPR. “I also noticed that children would not want to use hand dryers, and they’d be covering their ears.”
So when she was 9, Keegan decided to test the volume of hand dryers and find out if they were detrimental to children’s hearing. Keegan’s research confirming her hypothesis was published in June.
“Hand dryers are actually really, really loud, and especially at children’s heights since they’re close to where the air comes out,” says Keegan, noting that children’s ears are more sensitive.
For the study, which was conducted between 2015 and 2017, Keegan visited more than 40 public washrooms in Alberta, Canada. She used a professional decibel-meter to measure sound levels of hand dryers from various heights and distances.
The young scientist then presented her research at a Calgary Youth Science Fair earlier this year.
She discovered that Xlerator hand dryers and two types of Dyson Airblade hand dryers posed the greatest threats to children’s hearing. These types all exceed 100 decibels — a volume that can lead to “learning disabilities, attention difficulties, and ruptured ear drums,” according to Keegan’s study.
“My loudest measurement was 121 decibels from a Dyson Airblade model,” Keegan says. “And this is not good because Health Canada doesn’t allow toys for children to be sold over 100 decibels, as they know that they can damage children’s hearing.”
In response to these results, Dyson confirmed to NPR in an email that an acoustics engineer would be meeting with Keegan to discuss her research. Excel Dryer, the company that sells Xlerator hand dryers, did not respond to a request for comment.
Congratulations to #CYSF2019 @TedRogersFund award winner, Nora Keegan, who’s ongoing research into the loudness of automated hand dryers in public places was published in the Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health! #makemorepossible pic.twitter.com/gKUcaqCi5c
— YYC Science Fair (@ScienceFairCYSF) June 19, 2019
“While some other units operated at low sound levels, many units were louder at children’s ear heights than at adult ear heights,” the study concludes.
Keegan hopes her findings will spark more research into the issue and eventually lead Canada to regulate noise levels for hand dryers. But for now, she’s taking a break and spending her summer like many 13-year-olds — at camp.
Ashley Westerman produced the broadcast version of this story.