Home Healthy Eating Consistent healthy eating reduces CVD risk – Healio

Consistent healthy eating reduces CVD risk – Healio

6 min read
5
4

June 15, 2020

2 min read


Source/Disclosures


Disclosures:
Shan reports no relevant financial disclosures. Please see the study for all other authors’ relevant financial disclosures.

We were unable to process your request. Please try again later. If you continue to have this issue please contact customerservice@slackinc.com.

People with greater adherence to healthy eating patterns had a lower risk for CVD, according to a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Zhilei Shan, MD, PhD, postdoctoral fellow in the department of nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and colleagues analyzed data from 74,930 women (mean age, 50 years) from the Nurses’ Health Study, 90,864 women from the Nurses’ Health Study II (mean age, 36 years) and 43,339 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (mean age, 53 years).

Healthy Foods in Container
Source: Adobe Stock.

All participants completed a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire at baseline and were asked about their dietary habits every 2 to 4 years. This information was used to calculate adherence to different dietary patterns with the healthy eating index-2015, the healthful plant-based diet index, the alternate Mediterranean diet score and the alternate healthy eating index.

Researchers assessed incident cases of CVD, defined as fatal and nonfatal stroke, and fatal and nonfatal CHD, which included CABG and nonfatal MI.

Zhilei Shan

There were 23,366 cases of incident CVD during 5,257,190 person-years of follow-up. Of these events, 5,687 were stroke and 18,092 were CHD, and some patients had both stroke and CHD.

Researchers compared the highest quintiles with the lowest quintiles for the scores that were calculated. The pooled multivariable-adjusted HR for CVD was 0.83 for the alternate Mediterranean diet score (95% CI, 0.79-0.86), 0.83 for the healthy eating index-2015 (95% CI, 0.79-0.86), 0.79 for the alternate healthy eating index (95% CI, 0.75-0.82) and 0.86 for the healthful plant-based diet index (95% CI, 0.82-0.89; P for trend for all < .001).

The risk for CVD decreased by 10% to 20% with a 25-percentile higher dietary score according to the alternate Mediterranean diet score (HR = 0.9; 95% CI, 0.87-0.92), the healthy eating index-2015 (HR = 0.8; 95% CI, 0.77-0.83), for the alternate healthy eating index (HR = 0.81; 95% CI, 0.78-0.84) and for the healthful plant-based diet index (HR = 0.86; 95% CI, 0.82-0.89).

The four dietary scores were significantly linked to a lower risk for both stroke and CHD. The inverse association between the scores and the risk for CVD were consistent in most subgroups when analyses were stratified by race/ethnicity and other CVD risk factors.

“Our findings support the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which recommend multiple healthy eating patterns for individuals to adapt according to personal food traditions and preferences,” Shan and colleagues wrote.

PAGE BREAK

Let’s block ads! (Why?)


Source link

5 Comments

  1. ปั้มไลค์

    June 15, 2020 at 4:52 pm

    Like!! Great article post.Really thank you! Really Cool.

    Reply

  2. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.

    Reply

  3. Thanks so much for the blog post.

    Reply

  4. เบอร์สวยมงคล

    June 15, 2020 at 5:20 pm

    I always spent my half an hour to read this web site’s articles or reviews daily along with a mug of coffee.

    Reply

  5. Corliss Grumbles

    July 27, 2020 at 3:06 am

    Hello , all website webmaster need SEO tool to check and find new keyword and analyes websites by using the best seo tool AHREFS now for just 10$ monthly you can use use this golden tool while it costs more than 150$ monthly , you can get trial as well >> https://cutt.ly/ahrefs

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also

CDC issues 'strong recommendation' for mask mandate on airplanes, trains – CNBC

People wear face shields and masks while waiting for their flight at Dallas/Fort Worth Int…